The prosthetic dentistry is based on the replacement or restoration of teeth depending on the needs of the patient. There are 4 different types of dental treatments related to dentures:
- Dental Crowns
- Dental Bridges
- Dental Implants
- Dentures (full or partial)
Dental Crowns: coverage restorations of teeth.
Typically porcelain crowns are placed when you have lost a significant amount of tooth structure affixing a filling would jeopardize the integrity of the tooth or compromise the aesthetics of the tooth or the hardness. Generally, cover crowns of the tooth top and down the side thereof. This holds it together to prevent further damage.
The dental crowns are strong and durable and hold up well the pressure on them during chewing function. Newer crowns porcelain (called second generation) are made of stronger materials and more durable because the original porcelain materials used for thirty years. These new materials are more flexible, wear better, provide more translucency to match the natural color of your teeth and have a better adherence to either the teeth or the metal underneath the porcelain ceramic crowns with metal.
Dental Bridge: Replace one or more missing teeth.
The dental bridges are placed when one or more missing teeth. The objective is to stabilize the bite, prevent movement or tipping of adjacent teeth to the gap in the parts that have been lost. When no adjacent on one side tooth, you may make a cantilever bridge, which is supported by a single tooth. There are different types of dental bridges.
Dental Implants: Replace one or more missing teeth.
An implant is typically a titanium screw that is placed in the jawbone in the area where a tooth has been lost. Is left in the bone for a period of about 4 to 6 months to allow it to merge with the adjacent bone. Once this is achieved, a top of metal is placed on the pole screw to create a hole in the rubber crown. After you’ve been in the tissue for a short time, then a crown is placed on the post. Finally, well cemented or screwed, depending on the type of implant system.
The dental implants are not involving adjacent teeth are more advantageous because they are more conservative in this regard. Also, if something happens to the implant (with porcelain adjacent teeth become darker over time) can usually be easily removed and sent to a laboratory for retouching to correct anything.
Dentures: Replacement of several missing teeth or a full arch
Dentures usually refer to the replacement of an entire arch of teeth with a removable appliance plastic or porcelain. If you only missing some teeth, then known as partial dentures.
This type of partial dentures have an acrylic base, or fastened with metal hooks for attaching to the adjacent teeth.
In general, when a prosthesis is placed for the first time, it takes a little getting used to it, because it is a foreign body in the mouth. Dentures should be brushed in the same way you would with your natural teeth, as plaque can build up on them too.